Today, children are the most important national assets of any society, and determine the future of every nation. Thus, The development of children is an important determinant of health throughout life.
Today, various international and national laws have recognized and emphasized the necessity to pay attention to the rights and needs of children.
Legal basis for the justification of children's rights has taken into account when it was included in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1948.
In this declaration, the need for special protection and care of mothers and children has been emphasized; and family has been known as the unit of society.
Subsequently, a special emphasis has been placed on the issue of child rights in the Declaration of Child Rights in 1959 and Convention on the Rights of the Child in 1989.
It is worth mentioning that the Iranian government was annexed to the Convention on the Rights of the Child by virtue of a single article which was enacted by the Islamic Consultative Assembly in Esfand 1, 1372, and was confirmed by the Guardian Council in Esfand 11 of that year.
On the other hand, the “World Conference on Education for All”, which was held in March 1992 and our country was its member, has taken a major step in advancing the programs related to young children by generalizing the concept of "primary education" to the learning needs in the first years of life and even the need to learn from birth, More